The device, with which the Martian water will be collected in the future, is called Habit. It will become part of ESA’s research mission – ExoMars in 2018. Habit is developed by a team of researchers at the Kiruna Technology University (Sweden) under the guidance of Javier Martin-Torres.
Habit will measure the amount of water vapor in the atmosphere, the changes occurring in it and the level of radiation. To “capture” the moisture contained in the atmosphere it is suggested to use salts. The plant’s capacity is about 5 ml of water per day. In total during the Martian year it is supposed to receive up to 50 liters of water. If the experiment is successful, then later Habit can be upgraded to a full-fledged water farm.
The mission of ExoMars is scheduled for May 2018. It is planned to deliver a rover to the Red Planet, which will drill wells down to 2 meters deep, and a scientific platform with research equipment. It is expected that she will work for at least a year.